Being Slim Middle Age May Boost Dementia

Too Slim at Midlife May Boost Dementia Risk

Too Slim at Midlife May Boost Dementia Risk

 

Being too thin in middle age might be bad for brain health later in life, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that people who were underweight in their 40s, 50s and 60s were 34 percent more likely to be diagnosed with dementia up to 15 years later, compared with similarly aged men and women who were a healthy weight.

Exactly why being underweight —defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of less than 20 —in middle age is linked with dementia is unclear and requires further investigation, said study co-author Dr. Nawab Qizilbash, a clinical epidemiologist and the head of OXON Epidemiology, a research organization in London. But he speculates thatfactors such asdiet, exercise, frailty, weight changesand deficiencies in vitamins D and Emight play a role.

The study, published online April 10 in the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, analyzed data from nearly 2 million people ages 40 and older in the United Kingdom.

None of the people had dementia when the study began, but nearly 46,000 were diagnosed with it during the follow-up period of up to 20 years.

In a surprising finding that contradicts some previous studies, the researchers found that being overweight or obese in middle age actually appeared to protect brain health.

In fact, people who were the heaviest at midlife, with a BMI of 40 or higher, had a 29 percent lower risk of developing dementia than people whose weight fell into a healthy range, according to the study.

“Contrary to the prevailing — but not unanimous — view, people who are overweight or obese in middle age appear not to be at higher risk of dementia in old age,”.

He said these findings were unexpected, and although the research team performed many different analyses to see if they could find an explanation for the results, so far they have not.

Qizilbash said some next steps in this research include understanding the influence of weight changes, such as recent weight loss in a person who may not have previously been underweight, on the risk of dementia.

He also wants to look into whether being overweight or obese hasan overall positive effect on dementia because someone who weighs more may not live long enough to reap its possible brain-protective effects.

More research is also needed to determine how weight influences the risk of different types of dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease, vascular disease and Lewy body disease, Qizilbash said.

 

Source:  livescience.com

Anxiety Linked to Risk of Stroke

Anxiety Linked to Risk of Stroke:

 

Anxiety Linked to Risk of Stroke

Anxiety Linked to Risk of Stroke

 

 

 

A study is the first to link researchers anxiety and stroke independent of other factors such as depression . Anxiety is one of the most common problems of mental health. Symptoms include worried, stressed , nervous or tense feeling.

A period of 22 years, researchers studied a nationally representative group of 6,019 people aged 25-74 in the first National Health Examination Survey and Nutrition.

Participants underwent an interview and took blood tests, medical examinations and complete psychological questionnaires to measure levels of anxiety and depression . Researchers studied strokes through the reports of the hospital or nursing home , and death certificates. After accounting for other factors , they found that even a modest increase in anxiety were associated with an increased risk of stroke.

People in the highest third anxiety symptoms had a 33 percent higher risk of stroke than those with the lowest levels .

” Everyone has some anxiety from time to time . But when is high and / or chronic, can have an effect on the vasculature years down the road ,” said Maya Lambiase , Ph.D. , study author and cardiovascular medicine behavior researcher at the Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine in Pittsburgh.

People with high levels of anxiety are more likely to smoke and be physically inactive, possibly explaining part of the link of anxiety – trait . The levels of stress hormones , heart rate or blood pressure could also be factors , Lambiase said.

In previous work , researchers found that depression was associated with an increased risk of stroke , which is the No. 4 murderer and a leading cause of disability in the United States. In contrast to anxiety , depression is a persistent feeling of hopelessness, discouragement and lack of energy, among other symptoms.

Website Prevent Suicide Among Youth

 

Innovative Website to Prevent Suicide Risk Among Youth Launched:

Innovative Website to Prevent Suicide Risk Among Youth Launched

Innovative Website to Prevent Suicide Risk Among Youth Launched

In a bid to promote suicide prevention among youths an innovative peer-to-peer website has been launched which may encourage youth and young adults to communicate creatively about the difficult times they are experiencing so their messages can help peers encountering similar problems. The University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey’s Traumatic Loss Coalitions for Youth & Young Adults Program (TLC) and the New Jersey Division of Child Behavioral Services have developed the website, Jersey Voice (www.jerseyvoice.net) which was officially launched this week — National Suicide Prevention Week (September 9-15). The TLC, with the support of the New Jersey Department of Children and Families, developed this forum, which “exists for all – teens and young adults – in New Jersey who have ever had a horrible day, struggled with mental health, or lost a loved one. It’s about adults and experts stepping back (for the most part) and letting us do what we need to do and say what we need to say. It’s about using our own unique Jersey voices to help each other out, recognize our strengths, and inspire hope. It’s about getting involved, making a difference, and keeping Jersey strong.” TLC Director Donna Amundson pointed out that Jersey Voice’s mission is to help strengthen and advance TLC’s upstream suicide prevention efforts, to try to reach youth before they begin to feel hopeless and helpless. “We have created a platform where individuals can share their stories of hope, help and strength and getting through the difficult times in life with messages that can be told through stories, poems, music, photography, posters, videos and other creative outlets. The intent is that these stories will remain front and center on the website as a source of support and inspiration for other New Jersey teens and young adults,” Amundson explained. Allison Blake, Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Children and Families, said, “The mission of this website is to provide a space where the resounding voices of peers echo throughout as they show each other how to tap into strength, resiliency and connection when facing difficult times at home, at school or at play. We want to help our youth population find solutions to whatever types of stressful behavioral problems they encounter before they become crises.” TLC partnered with Emotion Technology to develop this site that combines a focus on suicide prevention, intervention and postvention with social media outlets to reach youth and young adults where they live and communicate. The site includes a series of tools and contacts, including a confidential and anonymous helpline for New Jersey’s youth and young adults. The site will also add a blog. As part of its launch, jerseyvoice.net is sponsoring the first Jersey Voice Statewide Social Media Festival to invite submissions in the form of prose, poems, music, song and dance, public service announcements, video and photography. The Traumatic Loss Coalitions for Youth Program. The Traumatic Loss Coalitions for Youth Program (TLC) at UMDNJ-University Behavioral HealthCare is New Jersey’s primary youth suicide prevention program funded by the Department of Children & Families, Division of Children’s System of Care. The TLC is an interactive, statewide network that offers collaboration and support to professionals working with school-age youth. The dual mission of the TLC is excellence in suicide prevention and trauma response assistance to schools following unfortunate losses due to suicide, homicide, accident and illness. This is accomplished through county, regional and statewide conferences, training, consultation, onsite traumatic loss response, and technical assistance. The purpose is to ensure that those working with youth from a variety of disciplines and programs have up-to-date knowledge about mental health issues, suicide prevention, traumatic grief, and resiliency enhancement. Since its inception, the TLC has trained thousands of individuals throughout the state with the purpose of saving lives and promoting post trauma healing and resiliency for the youth of New Jersey.